Do You Know Your Tooth’s Anatomy?

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

You’re aware that you use your teeth every day for chewing, and you may even know how important they are to your speech, but how much do you know about your tooth’s anatomy? Here is a quick primer.

  • Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and it covers the outer surface of your teeth. It is made mostly of an extremely hard mineral called calcium phosphate.
  • Dentin makes up the layer just below your tooth’s enamel. It consists of living cells that secrete a mineral substance.
  • Pulp is the soft, inner part of each tooth that contains its blood supply and nerves.
  • Cementum is made from connective tissue that binds the roots of your teeth to your gum tissue and jaw.
  • Your periodontal ligament holds your teeth firmly against your jaw.
  • The crown is the visible part of your tooth that you see inside your mouth. Your tooth root reaches below the gum line and into your jaw.

The Types of Teeth

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • The eight incisors are the middle teeth located on the upper and lower jaw—four on each.
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canines.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Your Teeth Healthy with Proper Dental Care

An affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, but even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you notice signs of a problem such as bleeding gums or visible discoloration of a tooth, see your dentist immediately.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Peoria, call Maple Shade Dental Group today at (855) 979-3356 or make an appointment.

Maple Shade Dental Group offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Peoria. With 3 affiliated practices throughout Illinois, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Maple Shade Dental Group, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Maple Shade Dental Group.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
The staff is very nice and very sensitive with people who have issues with going to the dentist. I didn’t go for a long time and now I look forward to going because they make me feel very […]
Jeff C.
Very friendly and professional staff. Karen is the best!!
William M.
Dr. Ruffner and his assistant are both great,
Kevin S.
I received great care from my dental hygienist.
William S.
I am very happy with all aspects of my visits there…..from the first person I speak to when I arrive to the last one I am in contact with when I leave….except for the fact that I have to […]
Diane F.
Doctor Ruffner is amazing! He really cares about his patients and about the work he does. He knows I have terrible anxiety but he still wipes the tears away when I’m having a hard time. I […]
Sara L.
Everyone was great and very friendly. They were also very gentle and really cares.
Linda C.
The office is well organized, the staff are highly competent and the wait time is always minimal. The office sends email reminder of appointment as well as phone calls to confirm one is able to keep […]
Laura N.
Jessica was great with my 11 year old; she was patient and kind! Great job!
Lincoln D.
The staff is very friendly, patient , and I wouldn’t change my dentist for anything! I look forward to getting my teeth cleaned !
#5
Good professional cleaning without any pain. Hygienist consistently checked to make sure everything was OK.
Theodore S.
everyone in the office is awesome! they treat you like family and explain all procedures completely before starting. they are flexible in the scheduling.
Tracy W.
Had minor surgery with almost no pain or bleeding. Doc and assistant were both very nice and comforting!
Wayne H.
I like my dental hygienist! She has been my dental hygienist for 10 yrs and is an amazing person and does a great job. Thanks Karen! You deserve the best employee award :-)
Mallikrjun B.
I absolutely LOVE Maple Shade! They are very professional, affordable, and friendly!! We see both the dentist and the ortho team! Dr. Whittet and his team is awesome!
Stacey T.
Very friendly staff, very quick and efficient check in and out. But most of all I really felt comfortable with Dr. Ruffen and he did amazing work on me. Super impressed with the whole office start to […]
Jennifer E.
Dr. Ruffner is amazing! It was our son’s first cavity and Dr. Ruffner was patient and explained everything to our son as he went. Great experience from an outstanding doctor.
Mason S.
Everyone is friendly and cares about my dental health. True professionals.
Steven G.
Dr Ruffner is a great dentist who cares about his patients
Lynn G.
What a GREAT dental office!! The staff & doctors are wonderful & caring professionals. Every time I go there it feels like visiting family. If you are looking for a dental office that cares […]
Deborah P.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here