Part of the Maple Shade Dental Group family
The Foehr Group
107 S. Prospect Road, Bloomington, IL 61704

Glossary of Dental Terms

Abscess

An infection in a tooth, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation.

 

Abutment

Tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

 

Adhesive Dentistry

Process in which composite resin is adhered to the existing enamel of a tooth. This can be used to repair or improve the appearance of a tooth.

 

Allergy

An abnormal reaction of the body to a drug or foreign substance.

 

Anesthesia

General or local insensibility to pain, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

 

Anterior Teeth

The six upper and lower front teeth. These consist of incisors and cuspids.

 

Bicuspid or pre-molar

Any of eight teeth located in pairs on each side of the upper and lower jaws between the cuspids and molars.

 

Bonding

A procedure for restoring the discolored or damaged surface of a tooth by coating it with composite resin that adheres to the existing enamel.

 

Bridge

An artificial replacement of a missing tooth or teeth, attached by cement or composite resin to natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.

 

Crown

1.             The part of a tooth that is covered by enamel and not covered by gum tissue.

2.             An artificial substitute, as of gold or porcelain, which entirely covers the anatomical crown of a tooth

 

Cuspid or canine

The four pointed or conical teeth also commonly known as ‘eyeteeth’.

 

DDS

Doctor of Dental Surgery

 

Dentin

Hard tissue that forms the inner layer of the structure of a tooth and is situated beneath the surface enamel

 

Dental implant

A metal screw (often titanium) that is surgically anchored in the gums or jawbone to support a dental appliance or replace a missing tooth.

 

Denture

An artificial replacement of some or all of the natural teeth

 

Disease of the gums

Periodontal disease (also called “Gum Disease” or “Periodontal Disease”) involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. If not removed, plaque builds up on the teeth and ultimately irritates the gums and causes bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss. More than 75 percent of Americans over 35 have some form of gum disease.

 

DMD

Doctor of Dental Medicine

 

Enamel

The hard layer covering of the crown of a tooth.

 

Endodontics

The area of dentistry concerned with the treatment of the dental pulp or nerve of the tooth.

 

Endodontists

Endodontists are dentists who have additionally 2-3 years of training following dental school and typically limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery. Very often Endodontists earn a graduate degree (Master’s degree) as well as specialized certified training. While some Dentists perform root canals themselves, generally Dentists will refer a patient requiring Endodontics to a trained Endodontist.

 

Filling

A substance, such as metal, porcelain or resin, that is used to replace lost tooth structured caused by decay.

 

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

 

Halitosis

Bad breath

 

Incisors

The four front teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.

 

Malocclusion

Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth, causing these teeth to be misaligned.

 

Mandible

The lower jaw

 

Maxilla

The upper jaw

 

Molars

Teeth for grinding food, located in the back of the mouth on either side.

 

Nerve (root) canal

Hollow passage inside of a tooth, inhabited by nerve tissue.

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases or injuries upper jaw or face.

 

Oral Surgeon

An Oral Surgeon (“Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon” or OMFS) first receive their training in dentistry and then continue further specialization in treating the areas of the mouth, jaws and the face as well as associated structures. While Oral Surgeons often additionally go on to study medicine and may go so far to take a Medical Degree (MD), a medical degree is not required for an OMFS to practice. Oral & maxillofacial surgery is universally recognized as a one of the nine specialties of dentistry.

 

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that involved the treatment of improper bites (“malocclusions”) making use of a variety of devises, most commonly, braces, to move teeth or adjust underlying bone. The word comes from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and odons meaning tooth.

 

Orthodontist

Orthodontists first complete 4 years of dental school training (DDS). Orthodontists additionally complete 2-3 of residency training focused on the specific treatment and realignment of misaligned teeth with devises including braces, retainers and other methods.

 

Overbite

Condition in which the upper incisors overlap the lower ones.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

The practice of dentistry on children.

 

Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists (or Pediodontists) study an additional 2 years in a residency program following their graduation from dental school. As specified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentists study advanced diagnostic and surgical procedures, along with child psychology and clinical management, oral pathology, child-related pharmacology, radiology, child development, management of oral/facial trauma, care for patients with special needs, conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

 

Periodontics/Periodontist

Periodontists typically study for an additional 3 years following dental school. During their clinical training, Periodontists are involved in learning both the treatment, as well as prevention techniques for periodontal diseases. Periodontists may also study advanced surgical techniques such as periodontal plastic surgery, and dental implant placement.According to the American Academy of Periodontology there are currently 52 institutions offer advanced training programs in periodontics in the United States

 

Periodontal Disease(also known as Periodontics)

Periodontal disease, also called “gum disease”, involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can result in gum irritation and possibly bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss

 

Plaque

Deposit of saliva, food and bacteria that accumulates on the teeth in the from of a whitish, sticky substance.

 

Prosthodontics

The area of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures, or other artificial devices.

 

Prosthodontist

Specialist who must complete dental training (DDS) and then continue for an additional 3 years of specialty training in the area of prosthodontics (i.e. implants, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics

 

Root

The embedded portion of a tooth that connects it to the jaw.

 

Root Canal

The space inside the root of the tooth. This space contains the pulp.

Also, this is the term commonly used for root canal therapy, a procedure in which the nerve and tissues are removed from the canal and replaced with filling material.

 

Splint

Means of securing one or more loose teeth to one or more healthy, secure teeth.

 

 

Tartar

Calculus on the teeth; a hard, yellowish substance that attracts plaque.

 

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint syndrome and TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull.

 

Veneer

A thin layer of plastic or porcelain applied to the outside of the tooth for aesthetic purposes.

 

Wisdom Teeth

Third molars; the last teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 18 and 25. They are so called because they appear later in life when a person is physically mature.

 

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
I have been with the practice since high school and since Dr Foehr has passed there have been 4 different dentists. Hopefully these two will stay a […]
Dawn W.
Friendly, prompt & professional service!
Jennifer A.
Great experience, friendly staff
Lloyd G.
Very professional. Very thorough cleaning. Procedures well explained.
Brenda T.
Cindy was great. I was nervous to meet someone new, but was happily surprised. I also thought Dr. Wolf was very nice.
Jennifer L.
got me in ontime, got appt quickly
David E.
My appointment was on time. Staff are always friendly and professional.
Susan C.
I always receive prompt and excellent. If you want a job well done visit Foher Group. The staff is professional and courteous always
Patrica R.
I've gone to the Foehr group for years and love their friendly, knowledgeable staff! I wouldn't trust my teeth to anyone else!
Kelly G.
Dr. Weiss and Amy took the first step in providing me with a new crown. They were both very efficient and pleasant. The temporary crown fits like a […]
Ray S.
The staff was friendly and very accommodating. They got me right in and they clearly explained what was going on.
Stanley O.
I have had a really great experience with The Foehr Group so far. There was a little bit of confusion with billing insurance but everyone was very […]
Chelsey G.
Always a pleasurable experience. They were very professional and informative of services for myself and my daughter. They make the dentist visits fun […]
Holley G.
Very professional and friendly service!
Ann M.
Very pleasant, as always.
Patrick C.
This is like the Cadillac of dentist offices.
Kathy F.
Anna was my hygienist and new to the office since my last visit. She did a great job with my cleaning and was personable too. My appt started on time […]
Suzanne G.
Professional and pleasant staff.
Linda C.
All went well.
Anne L.
I have known Cindy for many years as she was my hygienist at my now retired dentist's office. She is one of the main reasons that I began using your […]
Ronald T.
The orthodontist and staff were friendly and extremely helpful in answering questions.
Helen B.
Excellent service. I get very anxious at the dentist and The Foehr Group made me feel so relaxed and comfortable that I actually enjoyed my visit to […]
Michelle W.
the staff and doctor was very good took the time to explain things to me and are willing to give me options on the treatment that i do need and […]
Ronald F.
On time, friendly, gentle, and efficient.
Michael P.
Friendly and professional as always.
Steve D.
was a good visit,but kinda expenece.thank you brandon miller
Brandon M.
Great experience. We had two simultaneous appointments, and didn't wait more than a few minutes. My husband is not the best patient in the world and […]
Randy V.
All of the office staff involved in my visit were professional and above and beyond in service and courtesy. I was very grateful pleased with the […]
Hobart H.
The people are absolutely wonderful!
Kendall G.
My visit was very nice and I was made to feel welcome as usual. No complaints at all.
Grant S.
As always, prompt and friendly.
Cindy R.
I like how nice the staff was. They were very inviting. Very clean place.
Chelsea W.
I had a bonding come loose and they fit me in the next day because I had a presentation to give. This is my second time there and I have been highly […]
Lindsae F.
Excellent experience!
Anonymous
I am always impressed with the genuine welcome I receive when I arrive. The staff are always smiling and friendly. I never have a long wait and the […]
Tera M.
Excellent service as always!
Sean K.
The staff was welcoming and efficient. I'm so happy I asked about the teeth whitening because it definitely works!!
Michelle W.
I always have a good experience at The Foehr Group. My appointment is always on time and the cleaning is quick.
Michael P.
My hygienist Libby was great! She took time and did everything with quality and care! Dr Wolf was great! From the moment I walked in the door...staff […]
Abby S.
Prompt, courteous, and professional service.
Mark M.
I was very pleased with my visit. Everyone was very kind and caring! What a great job they did making me very comfortable The Foehr Group is AWESOME!
Debbie J.
Good people, good dental care.
Jean L.
As always I was cared for by the staff at the Foehr Group. I have been going to the Foehr Group for years and couldn't imagine another dentist office […]
Cheryl W.
Quick, thorough, and professional
Mark M.
The people at the dental office were great. The people at the office in Florida don't have a clue how to get their email and texts together. 5 stars […]
Larry S.
Everyone there is great, from the second you walk in the door.
Mark H.
Pleasant hygienist and dentist. Thorough cleaning. Appointment took the expected amount of time.
Kayla A.
Love the friendly staff and their concern for the comfort of their patients! They really help take the anxiety out of going to the dentist!
Gina R.
They listened to my concerns and fixed my problem.
Jennifer L.
Office Hours
Mon. – 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 10:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – Closed
Sat. – Closed
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (309) 740-4241
Fax: (309) 662-1372
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For appointments, call: (309) 740-4241
Office Hours
  • Monday 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 10:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Friday Closed
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
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