Periodontists in Bloomington, IL
Most American adults have some form of gum disease, which is also called periodontal disease. Periodontics is the field of medicine that deals with gum disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
What Is a Periodontist Dentist?
A periodontist manages advanced or complicated cases of gum disease and oral inflammation. After dental school, periodontists undergo at least three years of additional education and training to diagnose, treat, and help prevent serious gum problems. If you have severe gum disease, our skilled periodontists in Bloomington can improve your dental health. Call us today to get connected with an experienced provider.
What Can Cause Gum Disease?
Gum disease is usually a result of inadequate oral hygiene. If you don’t brush regularly, bacteria-laden plaque accumulates on your teeth and around your gum tissues. Eventually, your gums become irritated and inflamed. You may have a higher risk of gum disease if you have systemic illnesses such as diabetes, cancer or HIV, or if you are a smoker.
What Are the Different Types of Gum Disease?
The two types of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis refers to a mild form of the disease that causes minor swelling and discoloration of the gums. If you have gingivitis, your gums may bleed easily when you brush or floss. Dentists don’t usually refer patients to periodontists unless gingivitis progresses to a more serious stage.
If gingivitis is left untreated, the infection will progress until deep pockets form where the gum tissues have separated from the teeth. At this stage, damage to the structures that support teeth start to occur. Loose teeth and bone loss will eventually develop. Aggressive periodontal treatment is needed to halt the effects of advanced gum disease.
Other Factors That Increase the Risk of Periodontitis
Neglecting to treat gingivitis isn’t the only cause of advanced disease. Periodontists also treat patients who have hereditary gum disease. Severe systemic illness, malnutrition, substance abuse and mouth injuries may also contribute to your risk for periodontitis. Regardless of the cause of your condition, our experienced periodontists can help you recover and optimize your dental health. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.
Three Stages of Periodontal Disease
Stage One: Gingivitis
Gingivitis is mild and often reversible. Bleeding, swelling and sore gums are common. Periodontists are not usually consulted.
Stage Two: Mild Periodontal Damage
In mild to moderate cases, pockets develop between teeth and gums. Periodontists may perform deep cleanings or root planing and scaling. Antibiotics may also be helpful.
Stage Three: Severe Periodontal Damage
Once periodontal disease has weakened structural tissues and bone, teeth become loose and may fall out, and gaps between teeth become more visible. Periodontists can treat severe disease with surgery. In some cases, tooth extractions are necessary.
Periodontal Surgery Types
Periodontists can use a variety of surgical techniques to help restore tooth and gum health. A flap procedure involves cleaning out the roots of affected teeth and repairing bone damage. Periodontists may also perform bone grafts, soft tissue grafts, and other surgeries to help remove diseased tissue and encourage new growth.
Can My Periodontist Cure My Gum Disease?
When treated at its earliest stages, gum disease can often be completely cured. Unfortunately, advanced disease may cause permanent damage. Periodontists can’t turn back time, but they can halt the progression of gum disease in many cases. Don’t wait until tooth loss is inevitable. Contact us today for access to the most skilled and competent periodontists in Bloomington.